Dr. Pradeep Muley

Cancer seems to have a way of deeply invading the lives of those stricken by the disease. And very often the treatment isn't much friendlier to patients. But some recent advances in cancer treatment are helping, including some minimally invasive and non surgical procedures, especially in case of Liver tumours.

While surgery to remove a liver tumor offers the best chance for a cure, surgery is not an option for more than two-thirds of patients with primary liver cancer which is said to be the fifth most common cancer and the third most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Approximately, seventy percent of patients with liver cancer cannot opt for surgery for many reasons, like, the tumours could be too large to be removed or they could be too close to major blood vessels or other organs. And many a times, patients may have many small tumors in the liver, thus making surgery too risky or impractical.

Also liver surgery is a complex procedure because many of the major blood vessels leading to and from the heart pass behind or through the organ. In addition, the liver can tear easily and will bleed profusely if injured.

When liver tumors are small in size and number and have not spread to nearby blood vessels – and no cirrhosis or other liver conditions are present – patients may also be eligible for a liver transplant. But again, not many patients are in condition to go through a liver transplant surgery.

In such circumstances, interventional radiologists may perform minimally invasive surgeries like embolization or thermal ablation, etc, depending on the patient's case history. These minimally invasive therapies use imaging techniques such as CT, ultrasound, or MRI to guide the delivery of treatments directly to tumor sites.

In a typical Embolization surgery, the interventional radiologists inject chemotherapy drugs through a thin tube into the major vessel that delivers blood to the liver. The drug is mixed with a substance that not just blocks the artery for cutting off blood flow to the tumor but also restricts most of the chemotherapy drug from reaching out to other parts of the body. Thus, it is trapped near the tumor only.

This type of treatment often keeps the tumor away from getting the oxygen and nutrients it needs to grow, and therefore, healthy tissue is protected. The blockage may be temporary or permanent, depending on the kind of drug that is used to block the blood vessel. The liver still receives blood from a vein that brings blood from the stomach and intestine to keep the healthy tissue alive. Embolization can be repeated to treat recurrences that may develop later.

If required, radiologists may use this procedure to send radioactive particles to tumors that are too large to be treated with surgery which is called radioembolisation. It's a therapy used to treat both primary and metastatic live tumors. This is primarily a palliative, which means it relieves patients' of symptoms and is not a curative treatment. It elicits fewer side effects if compared with standard cancer treatments.

Another alternative way is to send particles into the tumor to release chemotherapy directly inside it for days or weeks. This is usually done with the help of X-rays, that guides surgeon/ radiologist directly to the tumor.

Another technique involves destroying tumor by heat or cold. This technique is often meant for people with three or fewer tumors. There are several types of thermal ablation, including radiofrequency ablation, which uses radio waves to superheat the tumor, and cryoablation, which freezes the tumor. Other types of thermal ablation use lasers, microwaves, and focused ultrasound waves to kill tumor cells. The selection of heat or cold depends on the size, location, and shape of your tumor.

Another non surgical way to treat liver Tumor is through minimally invasive laparoscopic or robotic surgery. In this procedure, a thin, lighted tube with a camera on its tip is inserted through a tiny incision in the abdomen to remove tumors or, in selected cases, part of the liver.

Medical professionals are evaluating the effectiveness of these minimally invasive approaches and their potential to reduce complications that can often arise with traditional, open surgery. For instance, having minimally invasive surgery can significantly reduce recovery time compared with traditional surgery.

Also these treatments benefit patients not just by extending their lives but also improves their quality of life, which is of utmost importance in cancer patients.  

*Dr. Pradeep Muley is the Head Interventional Radiologist at Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj

In America, there are many who ask Trump, where’s the Wall he promised he would build. A wall that would keep outsiders out. And in India, there are many who ask about the Temple. Where is the Temple, that was supposed to be built?

Where is The Wall and The Temple? Why have they not been built, the people cry.

“Hey people! Are you so blind, that you cannot see?”

“What?” cry the people who have asked for wall and temple.

“That the Wall has been built, and the Temple too!”

“Where?” ask the people, surprise on their faces, “Where has the wall and the temple been built?”

“In your minds!”

“Walls have been built in what were once the United People of America, dividing, the white man from the rest, and the country from the rest of the world!”

“And the temple? Where has it been built?”

“Again, in your minds! Dividing the people who worship in temples and the people who don’t!”

“Yes!” cry the people, a hush entering their voices “We do see the Wall and we do see the Temple, built in our minds!”

And then from the Wall and the Temple do I hear a cry, “We are not meant to separate! We are meant to protect! We are not meant to divide, we are meant to unite!”

“I,” says the Wall with humility, “Protect, those that stay within, against those that attack my people in the world outside. I am not meant to divide, but to stand, shoulder to shoulder with each brick that makes me up, and safeguard, those who live within! How, ever, was I made a wall that divides?”

“And I,” says the Temple, “Am built to bring peace in the minds of men. To show that war and murder are not the ways for man to impose his feelings on another. How, ever, did I become a temple that divides?”

In silence the people stare, and then cast down their eyes. “It is we who have allowed those bricks to be built to divide,” they say, “It is we who opened our minds to division and destruction!”

“Then open your minds again!” cries the Wall.

“Open your hearts!” cries the Temple.

“Let peace and quiet be restored in you!” cry the Wall and the Temple, “Let nobody plant thoughts about us that are not the truth! We are meant to protect and pacify. Not divide and destroy!”

Yes dear people, pull down brick by brick, false walls and temples built by those who want to separate and sever, and build instead Walls and Temples that Safeguard and Still the minds and hearts of men..!

Which is what walls and temples are for, isn’t it? 

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By Dr. Pradeep Mulley

Peripheral artery disease is a common circulatory problem in which narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to the limbs. The legs don't receive enough blood flow to keep up with demand of day to day walking. This causes symptoms, most notably leg pain when walking called claudication which disappears after a few minutes of rest but again pain starts when person starts walking.

What causes PAD?

Atherosclerosis - a condition where fatty deposits (plaques) build up in the artery walls, thereby narrowing the lumen and reducing blood flow. Less commonly, the cause of peripheral artery disease may be blood vessel inflammation, injury to the limb, unusual anatomy of ligaments or muscles pressing on the artery, or radiation exposure. Other factor that raises the risk of PAD include -

· Smoking · Diabetes · Obesity (a body mass index over 30) · High blood pressure · High cholesterol · A family history of peripheral artery disease, heart disease or stroke · High levels of homocysteine, a protein component that helps build and maintain tissue.

People who smoke or have diabetes have the greatest risk of developing peripheral artery disease.

What are the associated complications?

·  Critical limb ischemia - This condition begin as open sores that don't heal, an injury, or an infection of the foot or leg that  progress and  cause tissue death (gangrene), sometimes requiring amputation of the affected limb.

· Stroke and heart attack - The atherosclerosis that causes the signs and symptoms of peripheral artery disease can also build up in arteries supplying blood to the heart and brain.

What are the symptoms?

· Claudication - Painful cramping in hip, thigh or calf muscles after certain activities, such as walking or climbing stairs.

· Leg numbness or weakness, Sores on toes, feet or legs that won't heal

· Coldness in  lower leg or foot, especially when compared with the other side

· A change in the color of  legs

· Hair loss or slower hair growth on feet and legs

· Slower growth of  toenails and Shiny skin on  legs

· No pulse or a weak pulse in  legs or feet

· Erectile dysfunction in men

If peripheral artery disease progresses, pain may occur even at rest or when lying down (ischemic rest pain). It may be intense enough to disrupt the sleep.

Early diagnosis is the key to treatment

Physical exam – the doctor examines for a weak or absent pulse below a narrowed area of your artery, whooshing sounds (bruits) over your arteries that can be heard with a stethoscope, evidence of poor wound healing in the area where your blood flow is restricted, and decreased blood pressure in your affected limb. The following tests may be done to intervene the condition -

· Ankle-brachial index (ABI) - It compares the blood pressure in your ankle with the blood pressure in your arm.

· Ultrasound - Doppler ultrasound evaluates the blood flow through the blood vessels and identifies blocked or narrowed arteries.

· Angiography -  By injecting a dye (contrast material) into the blood vessels, the doctor can view blood flow through the arteries as it happens, using imaging techniques, such as X-ray imaging or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) or computerized tomography angiography (CTA).

Catheter angiography is a more invasive procedure that involves guiding a catheter through an artery in groin to the affected area and injecting the dye. Although minimally invasive, this type of angiography gives best visualization and allows for simultaneous diagnosis and treatment — finding the narrowed area of a blood vessel and then widening it with a dilating procedure or administering medication to improve blood flow.

How is it treated?

· Medication – medicines are provided to prevent blood clot and improve the blood flow. With the use of vasodilators, the aim is to reduce the blood pressure (under 130/80 mm Hg), lower cholesterol levels (<100 mg/dL) and control pain and other symptoms.

· Thrombolytic Therapy – In case the blood clot is blocking an artery the doctor may inject a clot dissolving drug into the affected artery to break it up.

· Angioplasty – this method is most commonly performed in cases of short segment block. In this procedure, a small (catheter) is threaded through a blood vessel to the affected artery where, a small balloon on the tip of the catheter is inflated to reopen the artery and flatten the blockage into the artery wall, while at the same time stretching the artery open to increase blood flow. Then a stent is inserted in the artery to help keep it open.

· Bypass surgery – This is done in case of long segment of blocked or narrowed artery. A graft bypass is created using a vessel from another part of the body or a blood vessel made of synthetic fabric. 

* Dr. Pradeep Mulley is the Head Interventional Radiologist at Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj

1. SOF is inviting School Students to Develop Competitive Spirit through National Cyber Olympiad.

Students, who want to learn the competitive spirit and fight amongst each other in a healthy way, are invited in the National Cyber Olympiad. The Olympiad’s aim is to make the approach towards IT, Science and other subjects in classrooms more interactive, practical and innovative. Also, motivating students to take part in the national, international competition, programmes and events.

Last date to submit the application form is November 20, 2018. In order to be eligible for this Olympiad, candidates need to fulfil the mandated requirements:


Students of standard 1st to 12th are eligible to ally for this Olympiad also it is a single level exam.

Scholarship Reward

The awards will be given at different levels:

1. International Level

               1st rank holder will be awarded with an amount of INR 50,000 and a gold medal.

               2nd rank holder will be awarded with an amount of INR 25,000 and a silver medal.

               3rd rank holder will be awarded with an amount of INR 10,000 and a bronze medal.

               Each winner will also be awarded with an outstanding performance certificate.

2. Zonal Level

               1st rank holder will be awarded with an amount of INR 5000 and a gold medal.

               2nd rank holder will be awarded with an amount of INR 2500 and a silver medal.

               3rd rank holder will be awarded with an amount of INR 1000 and a bronze medal.

               4th to 10th rank holder will be awarded with INR 1000 worth gifts, medal and certificate of distinction.

               11th to 25th rank holder will be awarded with medal and certificate of distinction.

               26th + rank holders will be awarded with participation certificate.

3.             At School Level

               The top three rank holders will be given a gold, silver and bronze medal, respectively, along with the Student Performance Report (SPR).

               Each student will be awarded a participation certificate.

How to Apply

Students are requested to register through their respected schools.


The National Cyber Olympiad is an initiative by Science Olympiad Foundation which was established by the leading academicians, scientists and media personalities with the motive of promoting science, mathematics, computer education, English, General Knowledge and professional courses.

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2. Opportunity for Rising Leaders to Work with Leading Institution with TJ India-Youth Fellowship Program 2019

Telangana Jagruthi, a non-governmental organisation (NGO) is offering a two-week programme for budding leaders, who have made their contribution towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), to work with leading institution and learn diplomacy, development, policy and education, and whet their communication, innovation, problem solving and management skills.

Last date to submit the application form is November 20, 2018. In order to be eligible for this fellowship, candidates need to fulfil the mandated requirements:


               Young entrepreneur, who are running a start-up, NGO, initiative, campaign that leads to sustainable development goal.

               Upcoming leaders with demonstrated leadership skills and passion towards bringing positive changes in the world.

               Leaders, who are about to achieve success or have not received large-scale public attention, are eligible to apply.

Scholarship Reward

               Opportunity to get face to face with leading Indian Government, non-profit and business sectors leaders.

               On ground experience in ones choice of project of Telangana Jagruthi as a volunteer and consultant.

               Opportunity to attend two day Telangana Jagruthi International Youth Leadership Conference 2019, to present ones ideas and experiences in front of global leaders.

How to Apply

Interested candidates can send their essay and essential documents via email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., with subject line as ‘TJIYLC - 2019 Fellow_First Name_Last Name_Application'

Other Important Details

Applying candidate needs to submit the below- mentioned documents:

1.             Applicant's photograph and bio

2.             Applicant's updates CV which highlights his or her skills and achievements

3.             A Statement of Purpose (SOP) in words not more than 600 which must include applicant's motivation and expectations for the Youth Fellowship Program and also the following factors:

               A project, organisation, or an initiative that the applicant has led or started

               Applicant's vision and motivation about the same

               How this project, initiative, organisation contributes towards a sustainable development goal

4.  An essay in 250 to 500 words on a Telangana Jagruthi program, project of the applicant's choice describing how he, she would like to contribute towards the project in the second week of his, her immersion program and, or what he or she expects to learn from the experience. Telangana Jagruthi programs and projects can be accessed at http://telanganajagruthi.org/

Click Here to Know More



Courtesy: www.buddy4study.com / Call: 08448709545, 08527484563

There was a tapping on my window. It was midnight, and cold in the New York apartment where I am living now. “Who’s that?” I asked petrified. You don’t get a tapping when you are so many floors up. I gently pushed the glass pane up, and saw a huge hand, “Liberty!” I exclaimed, “What are you doing outside my window?”

“You’re Indian aren’t you?” asked the gigantic figure of the Statue of Liberty, leaning outside and dwarfing my building.

“Yes!” I said.

“I heard you guys have built a Statue of Unity, bigger than me?”

“Yes!” I said, “We have!Our prime minister’s seen to that. Why, are you feeling jealous? Listen Liberty you can’t remain the tallest and most popular all your life, can you? The world is changing!”

“I don’t feel bad!” said Liberty, “Just came to tell you I’m happy!”

“Happy about a statue that’s taller than you?” I asked puzzled.

“Happy they made a statue, of a man much bigger than most on this earth,” said Liberty. “I wondered when you guys would finally get down to doing it! Our own Martin Luther King, followed him, and look at the equality he brought about! Imagine an African American elected president the last time, all through the teachings of your man!”

“You’ve heard of Sardar Patel?” I asked incredulously.

“Who?” asked the Statue of Liberty, impatiently drumming on my window pane, and making the whole building shake, “Who?”

“The statue we are talking about!”

“Is that Gandhiji’s other name?”

“Gandhiji?” I asked.

“Yes,” said the Statue of Liberty, his fingers drumming even more dangerously, “Aren’t we talking about the statue that’s bigger than me? Aren’t we talking of a colossus named Gandhi?”

I closed my eyes and shivered as I realized why Liberty had come to see me. Why Liberty was so happy for us Indians. “It ain’t Gandhi!” I whispered and I felt New York grow still.

“What?” asked the statue, and the building trembled.

“It’s someone else!” I whispered.

“But it’s called the Statue of Unity!” said Liberty, “Who else but that man could unite the Punjabis, the Madrasis, the..the..”

“The Bengalis, the Kannadigas, the Keralites, and all of India!” I whispered.

“Yes, who else could have brought such unity to different people and make themselves proud to be called Indians, even as they threw out the British?”

The tapping on the window increased, and I heard people whispering in fright, “Who else? Is known the world over, for what he gave the world: Non-Violence!” shouted Liberty, and suddenly the rattling stopped, the building stopped shaking as I saw Liberty walking away, her head bowed, and then she turned to me tears in her eyes and said, “Maybe dear Mohandas is so big in the eyes of the world, he doesn’t need a statue to tell people who he is..!” 

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